Williamstown is situated among the Taconic Mountain range, which has an abundance of freshwater in the form of rivers, brooks, springs, and lakes, and a lush green landscape that sits above a large aquifer. Weather patterns and vegetation in this mountainous region provide for a healthy hydrological system.

The town’s water is sourced from three deep groundwater wells, all of which are confined artesian aquifers, meaning they have an impermeable layer of clay and silt both above and below the water aquifer and are thus under immense pressure that makes it easy to extract the water. The aquifer is recharged by water runoff from melting snow on the Berkshire Mountains, which seeps into the ground to the aquifer. Within the boundaries of Williamstown, there are plenty of natural swimming holes, such the Green River Hoosic River, and Mount Hope Park, which make for a popular recreational spots in the late spring and summer for local residents, students, and visitors alike.

To ensure water stays plentiful, the college is exploring conservation methods and practicing sustainable use patterns. Educating the Williams community on the importance of responsible water use is an important component of developing an understanding of sustainable living, and making environmentally friendly choices in life beyond Williams. For the region, conserving regional water resources will aid in preserving the beauty and vitality of the region for future generations.

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Water Quality

Click here for the Williamstown water quality report from 2021.